Prospective Hindsight Technique

Prospective Hindsight Technique in a Nutshell Prospective hindsight is a simple but effective technique for problem solving and decision making when you need to come up with more detailed explanations and generate more specific and...

Keystone Factors

A keystone factor is a small factor that has disproportionately large effects on the whole system. Analysis of keystone factors aims to identify such few critical factors, so that the whole system could be...

The 80/20 Principle

The 80/20 principle is essential for strategic problem-solving, because it allows you to achieve a lot with minimal efforts, provided you focus on the critical few factors. This popular principle is a good example...

The Fallacy of Identity

The fallacy of identity is one example of how our decision-making and problem-solving skills are often incapacitated because our thinking is predisposed to look for linear relationships and disregard non-linearity. The fallacy of identity, according...

Non-Linearity

Our ability to solve more complex problems and think strategically is often impossible if we don't grasp non-linearity in systemic relationships between causes and their effects. While we can usually see linear relationships without...

Force Field Analysis

Force field analysis is a basic analytic technique that relies on the model of tension systems. Its essence is very simple: list both positive forces and negative forces, and then analyze their intensity and...

Tension Systems

Tension systems is a useful mental model explaining that almost always there are some forces supporting each other and some forces opposing each other. As the previous post discussed, one serious obstacle to adaptive...