Non-Linearity

Our ability to solve more complex problems and think strategically is often impossible if we don't grasp non-linearity in systemic relationships between causes and their effects. While we can usually see linear relationships without...

Force Field Analysis

Force field analysis is a basic analytic technique that relies on the model of tension systems. Its essence is very simple: list both positive forces and negative forces, and then analyze their intensity and...

Tension Systems

Tension systems is a useful mental model explaining that almost always there are some forces supporting each other and some forces opposing each other. As the previous post discussed, one serious obstacle to adaptive...

The Fallacy of the Single Cause vs. Causal Complexity

Causal complexity means that in almost any situation there are many causes behind a single event, including a good deal of random factors and unknown causes. Getting to grips with causal complexity is indispensible...

55/5 Rule of Problem-Solving

55/5 rule of problem-solving suggests that often it is preferable to spend more time on identifying and properly framing the problem before trying to solve it. The proportion 55/5 comes from a quote attributed...

Why We Are Swayed by Scarcity

Scarcity Principle in a Nutshell: People are driven to acquire information, resources, and experiences that are in short supply, not available to everyone, or for some other reasons scarce. And the greater the scarcity, the...

How Greater Exposure and Familiarity Distors Our Judgment

The Mere Exposure Effect (The Familiarity Principle) in a Nutshell: Our judgment and decision making can be powerfully distorted by our familiarity with certain people, investments, and other objects or ideas. Normally, familiarity breeds...